Mobile app testing is a critical part of your product’s lifecycle. It is essential for ensuring proper functioning and performance, UI and UX usability, increasing customer loyalty, and driving higher revenues.
When it comes to Mobile Apps Testing, there are many testing tools that are cost-effective and flexible. Explore the top 5 app testing tools that you should consider using in your testing environment.
Appium is a free, open-source test automation framework designed for native, mobile web, and hybrid app testing. It is a cross-platform app that is compatible with a wide range of Linux distributions, Android, iOS, Mac, and Windows versions.
It allows writing tests for multiple platforms with the help of the same API. Thus, code can be reused.
Appium was designed and developed to address mobile automation requirements based on the following philosophy:
- There will be no need to recompile or modify the app to automate it
- There should be no restriction to use a certain language/framework for writing and running tests
- The ideal mobile automation formwork needs to be open source in every way and need not reinvent the wheel with regard to automation APIs
Apium is fundamentally a webserver exposing a REST API. It can receive connections from clients, listen to commands, run them on mobile devices, and create an HTTP response with the result of the execution. It is a server developed in Node.js and can be built/installed from source or directly installed from NPM.
TestComplete is a UI automation testing tool that allows you to create, maintain, and execute test cases for not just mobile apps, but also for desktop and web. It is compatible with both Android and iOS platforms and provides real-time information on tests. It is not an open-source, free Mobile Apps Testing tool though it is compatible with a wide range of technologies including .NET, Visual C++, WPF, C++Builder, Visual Basic, and Java among others.
This app testing tool is focused on both unit and functional testing. This Mobile Apps Testing tool offers excellent support for daily regression testing and other forms of testing, including distributed and data-driven testing among others.
Also Read: Top 6 Trends in Mobile App Testing Services
Tests can be created through recording or editing test commands within panels/editors. It is possible to run tests from inside TestComplete or you can export tests to external applications and run from there.
This tool recognizes objects/controls within tested apps and provides special commands to simulate user actions. It also provides certain checkpoints for easy verification of the app’s state during test runtime.
Some of the key test automation capabilities of this Mobile Apps Testing tool are as follows:
- Keyword Testing: The built-in keyword-based test editor helps testers easily create keyword-based frameworks
- Test Record & Playback: It offers a basic system of record and playback to record test cases and modify them with ease
- Scripted Testing: It allows you to create test scripts from the ground up or modify recorded tests within a built-in editor
- Data-Based Testing: It makes data extraction from database tables, CSV files, and Excel sheets, much easier.
- Integrate with Bug Tracking Apps: TestComplete can integrate with a wide range of bug-tracking applications.
- Test Visualizer: This Mobile Apps Testing tool can capture screenshots during testing. This allows you to differentiate between actual and expected screens.
TestComplete is available in free trial version and with multiple licenses. However, it is important to take into consideration that the license cost is quite high for TestComplete and since it is not an open source testing tool, one cannot find much help available through open communities.
Kobiton is a mobile cloud platform for both automated and manual testing. This Mobile Apps Testing tool is compatible with both Android and iOS platforms. The latest DevOps/Quality environments make it essential for apps to be tested on hundreds of OS, devices, and browser combinations.
Kobiton supports instant real devices provisioning for testing using manual/automated scripts. It also enables plugging-in latest on-premise devices to create a holistic testing cloud.
Some of the key features of this Mobile Apps Testing tool are as follows:
- It allows you to run tests on real devices, as and when required
- It allows you to run a full device lab having local on-premise devices, and public/private cloud devices.
- It supports instant health check for apps across more than 350 devices.
- Test all gestures on a real device
- Optimal responsiveness and performance allows testing just like the device is in hand
- Devices can be booted and apps loaded faster than other device platforms
Custom Test Cloud
- The Device Lab Management feature allows easy connection of internal devices. This enables creation of own Local test cloud.
- This Mobile Apps Testing tool allows scaling the testing capacity and customizing mobile test cloud. This is enabled through the combination of internal devices and Kobiton cloud devices.
- It supports centralized testing activity that can be shared across locations and teams. DLM helps boost your team’s collaboration and efficiency.
Some of the other key features of Kobiton include rich test logs, automatic capture, historical results, easy log access, agile test enabling, and optimized efficiency among others. This testing tool supports scriptless test automation for continual testing at scale.
Calabash is an open-source automation testing tool that is available for free. It is compatible with both Android and native iOS apps. It supports separate libraries for the mobile OS platforms.
This Mobile Apps Testing tool is a test automation framework developed by the Xamarin team.
However, Xamarian withdrew its support from Calabash recently. It no longer supports the app testing tool in their Test Cloud post iOS 11.
Calabash allows you to write and run automated acceptance tests for apps. Acceptance tests are run after system tests and help determine if the app meets the business requirements. Calabash operates at the UI level and is a preferred UI testing automation framework.
This testing tool stands out for supporting Cucumber.
The tool comprises libraries capable of interacting with iOS and Android apps. You can run it on real devices. It works with all Ruby-based test frameworks.
Some of the key advantages of using this app testing tool are as follows:
- Uniform UI for Different Platforms: It is possible to maintain only a single Feature file per app use-case, when developing for both iOS and Android. The single UI also helps in overcoming cost.
- Cucumber: Calabash uses Cucumber technology. This allows feature files to be written by domain experts, QA engineers, and developers.
- Devices: This Mobile Apps Testing tool allows you to run scripts on physical devices and simulators. It is also possible to run test cases simultaneously on different devices.
- Complex Features: It supports complex features like gestures (swipe, rotation, pinch and more).
Robotium is an Android app testing tool that runs automated test cases for both hybrid and native applications. This open-source framework allows you to easily write robust and powerful automatic UI tests. It allows you to write system, function, and acceptance test scenarios across different Android features and functions.
Some of the key benefits of using this Mobile Apps Testing tool are as follows:
- Develop powerful test cases without much knowledge of the app being tested
- Requires minimal time for writing solid test cases
- Capable of handling multiple Android activities automatically
- Robust test cases because the run-time binds to GUI components
- Significantly improves test cases in comparison to standard instrumentation tests
- Executes very fast test cases
- Allows running test cases on pre-installed apps
- Integrates seamlessly with Ant/Maven/Gradle to run tests with continuous integration
There are many more benefits to using this Mobile Apps Testing tool. It can automatically follow current activity and captures screenshots.
It is important to know that Robotium is capable of handling only a single application at a given time. Moreover, it cannot handle Flash or Web components. Another important limitation of the app testing tool is that it cannot interact with status bar notification.
In summary, there are 5 top Mobile Apps Testing tools you can use. Today, mobile apps play a key role in digital transformation across different industries. There are many alternatives available in the market and factors like functional issues, poor UX, or poor performance can easily send away your users. This makes it essential to run app tests to ensure that your product meets the highest in quality standards.
It is recommended to consider an app testing tool based on key differentiators such as test optimization according to the mobile device market and testing capability across multiple OS and devices.
Before you start any testing process, it is recommended to check the basic requirements and conditions associated with the tool. These requirements should guide you in generating optimal results. Make sure to cross-check all the prerequisites before running the tests. This will help both testers and developers save valuable time. This also helps ensure that the process gets completed without any issues or challenges.